Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
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   1998| January-March  | Volume 44 | Issue 1  
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A study of stress in medical students at Seth G.S. Medical College.
AN Supe
January-March 1998, 44(1):1-6
BACKGROUND: It is usually observed that medical students undergo tremendous stress during various stages of the MBBS course. There is a high rate of suicide among them. METHODS: To determine incidence of stress and factors controlling stress in medical students at various stages of MBBS course at Seth G S Medical college, 238 students (First year 98, Second 76, Third 64) were asked to complete a questionnaire on personal data (gender, stay at hostel, mode of travel, time spent in travel every day, medium of study in school, place of school education.), Stress inducing factors, Zung's depression scale, ways of coping, stress relievers, perceived social support and personality type. Statistical tests used were ANOVA, critical ratio and Student's 't' test. RESULTS: Majority of medical students (175/238--73%) perceived stress. Stress was found to be significantly more in Second and Third MBBS students rather than First MBBS levels (p < 0.05). Stress was not found to differ significantly on the basis of sex, stay at hostel, model of travel, time spent in travel every day, medium of study in school, place of school education. Stress was found to be significantly more in students having more than 95% of marks at 12th Standard as compared to others. Academic factors were greater perceived cause of stress in medical students. There was no significant difference in the students at different levels of MBBS regarding academic factors and social factors as a stress inducing factors. Physical factors were found to be significantly more in Second and Third MBBS students as compared to First MBBS students. Emotional factors were found to be significantly more in First MBBS students as compared to Second & Third MBBS students. Stress was more common in medical students who have dominant strategy of coping as positive reappraisal, accepting responsibility and planful problem solving. Stress was less common in medical students at Seth G S Medical College who have dominant strategy of coping as escaping and distancing from difficult situation. Family and Friend as perceived social supports were more in Second MBBS than First MBBS medical students. Stress was not found to be significantly more in students having their personality factor contributing to stress (Type A--52/67) as compared to others (Type B--123/171). This indicates that the stress was not trait oriented but was process oriented (p = NS). CONCLUSION: Stress in medical students is common and is process oriented. It is more in second and third year. Academic factors are greater perceived cause of stress in medical students at Seth G S medical college. Emotional factors are found to be significantly more in First MBBS. It is dependent on person's ways of coping and social support.
  69,971 876 13
Traumatic transverse fracture of sacrum with cauda equina injury--a case report and review of literature.
H Singh, VS Rao, R Mangla, VJ Laheri
January-March 1998, 44(1):14-5
Fractures of the sacrum are rare and generally associated with fracture of the pelvis. Transverse fractures of the sacrum are even less frequent and neurological deficit may accompany these fractures. A case of transverse fracture sacrum with cauda equina injury treated by sacral laminectomy and root decompression, is reported.
  28,275 226 5
Bacterial profile and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern in catheter related nosocomial infections.
MS Tullu, CT Deshmukh, SM Baveja
January-March 1998, 44(1):7-13
This prospective study was carried out over a period of 6 months in the Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) of a tertiary care teaching hospital. The aim of the study was to determine the organisms causing catheter related nosocomial infections in the PICU and to study their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern. Patients with endotracheal intubation, indwelling urinary catheters and central venous catheters (CVC)/venous cutdown catheters were included in the study. Colonization of the endotracheal tube, urinary catheter related infections (UCRI) and colonization of the CVC/venous cutdown catheters was studied. E. coli was the commonest organism colonizing the endotracheal tube tip with maximum susceptibility to cefotaxime and amikacin. E. coli was also was the commonest organism causing UCRI with maximum susceptibility to nitrofurantoin and amikacin. Acinetobacter was the commonest organism colonizing the CVC/venous cutdown catheters with maximum susceptibility to ciprofloxacin. All these sites of catheter related infections considered together, E. coli and Klebsiella were the commonest nosocomial organisms. Both had maximum susceptibility to amikacin. Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was isolated only from one culture. All the organisms had a poor susceptibility to cefazolin and amoxycillin. A knowledge of the resident microbial flora and their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern is necessary for formulating a rational antibiotic policy in an ICU.
  14,582 351 2
Coronary artery disease in Asian Indians.
ME Yeolekar
January-March 1998, 44(1):26-8
Coronary Heart Disease should new be considered an important public health problem in India. It is a part of the epidemiological transition characterized by changing lifestyles and a probable genetic predisposition. The interplay of factors with regards to their existence, causality and attributable weight-age needs to be understood in the context of management of an individual patient as well as strategic planning for control and prevention.
  10,635 207 5
Anaesthetic management of bilateral alveolar proteinosis for bronchopulmonary lavage.
R Dixit, LS Chaudhari, AA Mahashur
January-March 1998, 44(1):21-3
The most hazardous manifestation of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is progressive hypoxia for which bronchopulmonary lavage (BPL) is the single most effective treatment. Unfortunately this procedure under general anesthesia itself increases the risk of hypoxia due to the need for one lung ventilation. It was therefore considered interesting to report the successful anaesthetic management of a patient with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis for Bronchopulmonary lavage.
  8,620 161 -
Renal arterial aneurysm--an incidental finding at autopsy.
P Vaideeswar, CV Madiwale
January-March 1998, 44(1):24-5
Herein we describe a rare case of saccular renal artery aneurysm seen as an incidental autopsy finding in an elderly, hypertensive female. The aneurysm was seen as a small exophytic mass with calcified wall and lumen occluded by recanalized thrombus.
  7,190 105 1
Jejunal angiomatoses causing small bowel obstruction in a patient with Down syndrome: a case report.
T Patankar, S Prasad, A Joshi, H Deshmukh
January-March 1998, 44(1):16-8
Gastrointestinal vascular anomalies are extremely uncommon. We describe a patient with Down syndrome who presented with acute abdominal pain due to a mixed capillary and venous vascular malformation involving the proximal jejunum.
  6,784 120 3
Circumcaval ureter.
JS Pandya, PP Shilotri, RR Satoskar
January-March 1998, 44(1):19-20
We report a case of circumcaval ureter diagnosed preoperatively by 'fish-hook' appearance on intravenous pyelogram. At surgery, patient was treated by 'Anderson Hones' pyeloplasty leaving the retrocaval segment in-situ.
  5,190 144 2
Online since 12th February '04
2004 - Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
Official Publication of the Staff Society of the Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, India
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow