Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 59  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 121-126  

Changing trends in the management of hypotension following spinal anesthesia in cesarean section

JK Mitra1, J Roy2, P Bhattacharyya1, M Yunus1, NM Lyngdoh1 
1 Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, NEIGRIHMS, Shillong, Meghalaya, India
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine and JNM Hospital, Kalyani, Nadia, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
J K Mitra
Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, NEIGRIHMS, Shillong, Meghalaya
India

Hypotension during cesarean section under spinal anesthesia remains a frequent scenario in obstetric practice. A number of factors play a role in altering the incidence and severity of hypotension. Counteracting aortocaval compression does not significantly prevent hypotension in most singleton pregnancies. Intravenous crystalloid pre-hydration is not very efficient. Thus, the focus has changed toward co-hydration and use of colloids. Among vasopressors, phenylephrine is now established as a first line drug, although there is limited data in high-risk patients. Though ephedrine crosses the placenta more than phenylephrine and can possibly cause alterations in the fetal physiology, it has not been shown to affect the fetal Apgar or neurobehavioral scores.


How to cite this article:
Mitra J K, Roy J, Bhattacharyya P, Yunus M, Lyngdoh N M. Changing trends in the management of hypotension following spinal anesthesia in cesarean section.J Postgrad Med 2013;59:121-126


How to cite this URL:
Mitra J K, Roy J, Bhattacharyya P, Yunus M, Lyngdoh N M. Changing trends in the management of hypotension following spinal anesthesia in cesarean section. J Postgrad Med [serial online] 2013 [cited 2022 May 23 ];59:121-126
Available from: https://www.jpgmonline.com/article.asp?issn=0022-3859;year=2013;volume=59;issue=2;spage=121;epage=126;aulast=Mitra;type=0


 
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