Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 56  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 65-70  

Study of bone mineral density in resident doctors working at a teaching hospital

SK Multani, V Sarathi, V Shivane, TR Bandgar, PS Menon, NS Shah 
 Department of Endocrinology, KEM Hospital, Seth G. S. Medical College, Parel, Mumbai-400 012, India

Correspondence Address:
V Sarathi
Department of Endocrinology, KEM Hospital, Seth G. S. Medical College, Parel, Mumbai-400 012
India

Context : The erratic lifestyle of resident doctors may affect their serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25-(OH)D] levels and bone mineral density (BMD). Aim : To study BMD and the effect of environmental factors on it in resident doctors. Settings and Design : Prospective, cross-sectional study conducted in a tertiary healthcare centre. Materials and Methods : BMD was obtained by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and was correlated with various factors including weight, height, body mass index (BMI), sun exposure, physical activity, parathyroid hormone, 25-(OH)D, dietary factors. Statistical Analysis : SPSS software Version 10 (Unpaired t test was used to compare BMD of different groups and Pearson«SQ»s correlation coefficient was used to calculate correlation). Results : Two hundred and fourteen apparently healthy resident doctors were enrolled in the study. Based on Caucasian normative data, osteopenia was noted in 104 (59.7%) males and 27 (67.5%) females. Thirty-two (18.39%) males and five (12.5%) females had osteoporosis. The BMD values of males were 0.947±0.086, 0.911±0.129 and 1.016±0.133 at lumbar spine, femur neck and total hip while those in females were 0.981±0.092, 0.850±0.101 and 0.957±0.103 respectively. BMD of our cohort was lesser by 12.5-18.2% and 4.2-14.5% than the Caucasian and available Indian figures, respectively. BMD had significant positive correlation with weight, height, BMI, physical activity, and dietary calcium phosphorus ratio. 25-(OH)D levels were insufficient in 175 (87.5%) subjects but had no correlation with BMD. Conclusions : Young healthy resident doctors had significantly lower BMD, contributors being lower BMI, lower height, reduced bioavailability of dietary calcium and inadequate physical activity. Deficiency of vitamin D did not contribute to low BMD.


How to cite this article:
Multani S K, Sarathi V, Shivane V, Bandgar T R, Menon P S, Shah N S. Study of bone mineral density in resident doctors working at a teaching hospital.J Postgrad Med 2010;56:65-70


How to cite this URL:
Multani S K, Sarathi V, Shivane V, Bandgar T R, Menon P S, Shah N S. Study of bone mineral density in resident doctors working at a teaching hospital. J Postgrad Med [serial online] 2010 [cited 2022 Aug 11 ];56:65-70
Available from: https://www.jpgmonline.com/article.asp?issn=0022-3859;year=2010;volume=56;issue=2;spage=65;epage=70;aulast=Multani;type=0


 
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