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SOFT syndrome with Kohlschutter–Tonz syndrome

1 Growth and Pediatric Endocrinology Unit, Hirabai Cowasji Jehangir Medical Research Institute, Jehangir Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Neurology, CNS Hospital, Solapur, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
A Khadilkar,
Growth and Pediatric Endocrinology Unit, Hirabai Cowasji Jehangir Medical Research Institute, Jehangir Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpgm.jpgm_1001_22

PMID: 37706418

We report a 2.2 year-old-boy, born of consanguineous marriage, referred for short stature, with history of neonatal death and skeletal deformities in his older sibling. Rhizo-mesomelic dwarfism was detected antenatally. Within 24 hours of birth, he developed multiple seizures. Examination revealed severe short stature, dolichocephaly, broad forehead, deep set eyes, low set ears, bulbous nose, small, irregular teeth, pointed chin, and triangular facies. He had rhizomelic shortening, stubby fingers, pes planus, and scanty hair. Neurological evaluation revealed ataxia, hypotonia, and global developmental delay. Skeletal survey radiograph revealed shallow acetabuli, short femurs and humerus, short, broad metacarpals and short cone-shaped phalanges with cupping of phalangeal bases. Clinical exome analysis revealed homozygous mutations involving the POC1A gene and the SLC13A5 gene responsible for SOFT syndrome and Kohlschutter-Tonz syndrome respectively, which were inherited from the parents. Both these syndromes are extremely rare, and their co-occurrence is being reported for the first time.

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Online since 12th February '04
2004 - Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
Official Publication of the Staff Society of the Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, India
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow