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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2023  |  Volume : 69  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 205-214

Diarrhea after kidney transplantation: A study of risk factors and outcomes


Department of Nephrology, Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. A D Patil
Department of Nephrology, Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jpgm.jpgm_601_22

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Background: Diarrhea in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) can be associated with significant morbidity. Material and Methods: We evaluated 198 KTRs for a history of diarrhea post-kidney transplant at a tertiary care center in western India over 1 year. A protocol-based evaluation of diarrhea was done with respect to clinical features, diagnostic evaluation, associated acute allograft dysfunction, and its impact on long-term allograft function. Primary outcomes of interest were: chronic allograft injury (CAI) and the need for mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) withdrawal. We also assessed the effect of MMF withdrawal on the risk of the development of CAI. Results: Eighty-five of 198 (42.5%) recipients experienced diarrhea and a total of 140 diarrheal episodes were evaluated. The mean age of these 85 recipients was 38 ± 12 years and 72 (84.7%) were males. 73 of 85 recipients were on MMF at the time of diarrhea and in 35 (48%) of them MMF withdrawal was needed for chronic and persistent symptoms. Diarrhea was attributed to infective etiologies in 90 of 140 (64.2%) cases. Among the microbiologically confirmed infective diarrheal episodes, giardia and cryptosporidium were the common pathogens in 11/28 (39%) and 6/28 (21.4%) episodes respectively. One hundred and twenty-eight episodes out of 140 (91.4%) episodes were complicated by acute allograft dysfunction. Forty-one of 85 recipients (48.2%) developed chronic allograft injury and 12 (14.1%) developed allograft rejection (acute and/or chronic). Probability of chronic allograft injury was higher in those with MMF withdrawal. Conclusion: Diarrhea post-kidney transplant adversely affects graft function, especially after MMF withdrawal.






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Online since 12th February '04
2004 - Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
Official Publication of the Staff Society of the Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, India
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow