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 CASE SERIES
Year : 2023  |  Volume : 69  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 164-171

Porphyrias: Uncommon disorders masquerading as common childhood diseases


1 Genetic Clinic, Department of Pediatrics, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Dermatology, Seth G.S. Medical College and K.E.M. Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. M Muranjan
Genetic Clinic, Department of Pediatrics, Mumbai, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jpgm.jpgm_698_22

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Porphyrias are a rare group of inborn errors of metabolism due to defects in the heme biosynthetic pathway. The biochemical hallmark is the overproduction of porphyrin precursors and porphyrin species. Afflicted patients present with a myriad of symptoms causing a diagnostic odyssey. Symptoms often overlap with those of common diseases and may be overlooked unless there is heightened clinical suspicion. We are reporting clinical features and diagnostic challenges in four pediatric patients having variegate porphyria, congenital erythropoietic porphyria, acute intermittent porphyria, and erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP), who presented with diverse multisystem manifestations. This case series illustrates a logical analysis of symptoms and judicious selection of investigations and the role of genotyping in successfully diagnosing porphyrias.






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Online since 12th February '04
2004 - Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
Official Publication of the Staff Society of the Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, India
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow