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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 55  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 232-233

Primary prevention of diabetic retinopathy for the rural population

Wiwanitkit House, Bangkhae, Bangkok - 10160, Thailand

Date of Web Publication2-Nov-2009

Correspondence Address:
V Wiwanitkit
Wiwanitkit House, Bangkhae, Bangkok - 10160
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0022-3859.57394

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How to cite this article:
Wiwanitkit V. Primary prevention of diabetic retinopathy for the rural population. J Postgrad Med 2009;55:232-3

How to cite this URL:
Wiwanitkit V. Primary prevention of diabetic retinopathy for the rural population. J Postgrad Med [serial online] 2009 [cited 2022 Nov 28];55:232-3. Available from:


The article by Rani et al., on risk factors for diabetic retinopathy in the rural population has focused on a very pertinent issue. [1] Indeed, diabetic nephropathy, a major complication of diabetes mellitus is usually inadequately managed by the primary care physicians, leading to a poor quality of life due to blindness. A self-report might be an effective tool for primary screening, if there is a systematic reporting system. The reliability of report of a case is the main focus. Tapp et al., have shown that the self-reporting system was moderately useful in prediction of diabetic retinopathy.[2] Similar risk factors could be detected in this study. In addition to the self-reporting system, the annual primary screening by the primary healthcare center might be an additional useful preventive protocol. Additional screening by retinal photography assessment has also been shown to be useful to determine pathological changes, if any, in the retina. In fact, a combination of self-reporting system and retinal photography have been successfully implemented for screening for diabetic retinopathy in the rural settings in Mauritius, a developing country. [3]

 :: References Top

1.Rani PK, Raman R, Chandrakantan A, Pal SS, Perumal GM, Sharma T. Risk factors for diabetic retinopathy in self-reported rural population with diabetes. J Postgrad Med 2009;55:92-6.  Back to cited text no. 1  [PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
2.Tapp RJ, Zimmet PZ, Harper CA, de Courten MP, McCarty DJ, Balkau B, et al. Diagnostic thresholds for diabetes: The association of retinopathy and albuminuria with glycaemia. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2006;73:315-21.  Back to cited text no. 2  [PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]  
3.Tapp RJ, Zimmet PZ, Harper CA, McCarty DJ, Chitson P, Tonkin AM, et al. Six year incidence and progression of diabetic retinopathy: Results from the Mauritius diabetes complication study. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2006;73:298-303.  Back to cited text no. 3  [PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]  


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Online since 12th February '04
2004 - Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
Official Publication of the Staff Society of the Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, India
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow