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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 54  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 102-105

Fournier's gangrene: Evaluation of 68 patients and analysis of prognostic variables

1 General Surgery Clinic, Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey
2 Urology Clinic, Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey
3 Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Clinic, Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
H R Unalp
Ataturk Egitim ve Arastirma Hastanesi 4, Genel Cerrahi Klinigi, 35820 Izmir
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0022-3859.40775

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Context: Fournier's gangrene (FG) is a rapidly progressing acute gangrenous infection of the anorectal and urogenital area. Aims: The objectives of this study were to investigate patients with FG and to determine risk factors that affect mortality. Settings and Design: Retrospective clinical study. Materials and Methods: Clinical presentations and outcomes of surgical treatments were evaluated in 68 patients with FG. Statistical Analysis Used: Chi-square, Student's t -test, and logistic regression test. Results: Mean age of patients was 54 and female-to-male ratio was 9:59. Among the predisposing factors, diabetes mellitus (DM) was the most common ( n =24, 35.3%), and sepsis on admission was detected in 31 (45.6%) and 15 (22.1%) patients, respectively. Seven (10.3%) patients died. Using logistic regression test, Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index (FGSI) >9, DM and sepsis on admission were found as prognostic factors. Conclusions: FG has a high mortality rate, especially in patients with DM and sepsis. An FGSI value >9 indicates high mortality rate.


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