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Year : 2001  |  Volume : 47  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 235-9

Surgical pathology of cystic lesions of the mediastinum.

Histopathology Division, Laboratory Department, Farwania Hospital, Kuwait., Kuwait

Correspondence Address:
M Petkar
Histopathology Division, Laboratory Department, Farwania Hospital, Kuwait.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 11832637

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BACKGROUND: Mediastinal cysts are uncommonly encountered in a pathologist's experience. AIMS: To study the incidence, location, clinical presentation and histologic subtypes of cysts in the mediastinum. MATERIALS and METHODS: Cystic lesions of the mediastinum, surgically excised over a period of 22 years were studied after retrieval of relevant clinical data and slides. RESULTS: Thirty-nine mediastinal cysts were encountered in the study period. Most of the patients (81.5 %) were symptomatic. Histologically, foregut cysts (19 cases, 50 %) were the most common followed by teratomatous cysts (ten cases, 26.3 %) and thymic cysts (four cases, 10.5 %). Bronchogenic cysts represented 63 % of the fore-gut cysts. Unusual lesions in the form of cystic mediastinal tuberculous lymphadenitis and cystic schwannoma were seen in three patients. CONCLUSIONS: Despite varied location and histology, clinical presentation of mediastinal cysts are similar. Surgical intervention is the preferred line of management.


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Online since 12th February '04
2004 - Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
Official Publication of the Staff Society of the Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, India
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow