|Year : 1977 | Volume
| Issue : 4 | Page : 197-200
Primary hyperparathyroidism due to (chief-cell hyperplasia- (a review with a case illustration)
Department of Thoracic Surgery, Rajendra Medical College, Ranchi., India
A 37 year old man presented with multiple pathological fractures, mental symptoms and features o f renal insufficiency without renal stones and nephrocalcinosis. This was found to be a case of primary hyperparathyroidism due to chief cell hyperplasia. Three parathyroids were removed leaving behind the right superior gland. The patient had temporary symptomatic improvement with the healing of the fractures of metacarpals. There was no union of fractures of necks of femora. The symptoms reappeared and the patient died of renal failure more than a year after operation.
Severe renal impairment is therefore the most important single complication in advanced osseous lesions. Even if parathyroidectomy is done in such advanced cases probably no permanent clinical improvement may be expected. Better results in these cases might be observed by early diagnosis of the disease and adequate surgery. It is hence suggested that in a case of parathyroid hyperplasia one should aim at excision o f 31- parathyroid glands, i.e., near total parathyroidectomy, to avoid recurrence of disease.
H N Verma
Department of Surgery, Patna Medical College and Hospital, Patna-800 004
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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