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 REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2007  |  Volume : 53  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 55-62

An international review of tobacco smoking among medical students


1 Japan National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Kawasaki, Japan; Anton Breinl Centre for Public Health and Tropical Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, Australia
2 Anton Breinl Centre for Public Health and Tropical Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, Australia

Correspondence Address:
D R Smith
Japan National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Kawasaki, Japan; Anton Breinl Centre for Public Health and Tropical Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, Australia

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0022-3859.30333

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We conducted a systematic international review of tobacco smoking habits among medical students. Particular attention was paid to countries where smoking rates have been historically well-documented in local journals, but were less often included in larger international review articles. The methodology involved a search of relevant medical subject headings, after which the reference lists of journal papers were also examined to find additional publications. A total of 66 manuscripts met the inclusion criteria. The most common countries previously studied included India, the United States, Australia, Japan, Pakistan, Turkey and the United Kingdom. Overall, our review suggests that the prevalence of smoking among medical students varies widely amongst different countries and also between male and female students within the same areas. Consistently low smoking rates were found in Australia and the United States, while generally high rates were reported in Spain and Turkey. Given their important future role as exemplars, more effective measures to help reduce tobacco smoking among medical students are clearly needed worldwide.






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Online since 12th February '04
2004 - Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
Official Publication of the Staff Society of the Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, India
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow